Macular edema and vision loss are often symptoms of conditions or diseases such as macular degeneration, but could also be side effects associated with certain medications. Below is a list of diseases and conditions associated with symptoms like macular edema and vision loss, as well as a list of medications related to similar side effects. We are not medical professionals, and these may not be comprehensive lists. Please contact your doctor if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms or side effects, or similar health issues.
Macular edema is swelling or thickening of the center of the retina (called the macula). It affects the center of your vision with symptoms that can include blurry vision, wavy vision, color distortions, changes in the apparent size of objects or letters, or a blind spot.
Macular Edema and Vision Loss Are Symptoms Of:
Macular Degeneration is the deterioration of the macula. The most common type is age-related macular degeneration, which usually progresses slowly. Another type is wet macular degeneration which can cause rapid vision loss. Symptoms of macular degeneration include a need for brighter light when doing fine work or reading, difficulty recognizing faces, blurriness of words or letters, colors that appear dull, loss of center vision.
Diabetic Retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar damages the blood vessels to the eyes. The blood vessels become weak and can leak causing macular edema. Diabetic retinopathy causes oxygen and nutrient deprivation in the eye, and can cause the growth of abnormal blood vessels, bleeding in the eye, retinal detachment, and eventually leads to vision loss and often blindness.
Central Serous Retinopathy: Central Serous Retinopathy (CSR) occurs when leaks behind the retina cause the retina to swell. This can cause macular edema or swelling in less noticeable parts of the retina. Prolonged or recurring episodes of CSR can cause permanent vision loss.
Eye Injury or Surgery: As with swelling in other parts of the body, trauma to the eye can cause macular edema. Of course, an injury to the eye and complications of eye surgery can result in temporary or permanent vision loss.
Macular Edema and Vision Loss Could Be Side Effects Associated With:
Avandia is used to treat diabetes. It helps lower blood sugar by making your cells more receptive to insulin. Side effects can include heart failure, heart attack, chest pains, weight gain, water retention, bone fractures, anemia, hypoglycemia, liver problems, macular edema, and vision loss.
Advair is used to treat asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It contains a steroid and a bronchial dilator. There is a high correlation between the use of steroid medications and CSR which causes macular edema and vision loss. Other side effects of Advair include wheezing, difficulty breathing, tremors, rapid heart rate, chest pain, fever, chills, blurred vision, eye pain, and mouth and lip sores.
Hydrocortisone Cream are used to treat skin conditions, such as eczema and other rashes. They reduce inflammation. Hydrocortisone is a corticosteroid and, therefore, may cause CSR. Other side effects can include atrophy of the skin, loss of pigmentation, and damage to the adrenal system.
Latanoprost is used to treat glaucoma by increasing the outflow of fluid from the eye to decrease intraocular pressure. Side effects can include macular edema, vision loss, blurred vision, eye irritation, thicker eyelashes, darker eyelashes, eye pain, cold or flu-like symptoms, muscle pain, joint pain, and back pain.